Baramulla

History

The city of Baramulla, founded by Raja Bhimsina in 2306 BC held the position of a gate-way to the valley as it was located on the route to the Valley from Muzaffarabad (now in POK) and Rawalpindi (now in Pakistan). As such, a number of prominent visitors have been to Baramulla. These include the famous Chinese visitor Heiun T'Sang and Moorcraft, the British historian.

Mughal Emperors has special fascination for Baramulla. Being the gateway of the valley it was a halting station for them during their visits to the Valley. In 1508 AD Emperor Akbar who entered the Valley via Pakhil spent a few days at Baramulla and according to "Tarikh-e-Hassan" the city during Akbar's stay, had been decorated like a bride. Jahangir also stayed at Baramulla during his visit to Kashmir in 1620 AD.

From the very beginning, Baramulla has enjoyed religious importance. The construction of Hindu Teeratha and Buddhist Vihars made the city scared to Hindus as well as Buddhists. In the 15th Century, the place became important to Muslims also, as the famous Muslim saint, Syed Janbaz Wali, who visited the valley along with his companions in 1421 AD chose Baramulla as the centre of his mission, and after death was buried here. His shrine attracts pilgrims from all over the Valley. In 1894, the sixth Sikh Guru Shri Hargobind Ji visited the city and Gurudwara "Chatti Padshahi" was constructed in his memory. Baramulla thus became an abode of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists and Sikhs living in harmony and contributing to a rich composite culture.

Geography

The Baramulla District is the largest District in entire valley both with reference to the population and area. The District is spread over an area of 4588 Sq. Kms. The Baramulla District is bounded by Kupwara in the North, Budgam and Poonch in the South, parts of Srinagar and Ladakh in the East and has the line of control in west.

The district is divided into 8 Tehsils, 16 CD Blocks. The eight tehsils of Baramulla are Uri, Sopore, Gurez, Tangmarg, Baramulla, Sumbal, Pattan and Bandipora. The Sixteen blocks of the district are Uri, Boniyar, Baramulla, Wagoora, Pattan, Rafiabad, Rohama, Tangmarg, Sopore, Zaingeer, Bandipora, Hajin, Sumbal, Gurez, Kunzer and Singhpora.

Population

The Baramulla District is the largest District in entire valley with reference to the population. Its population according to 2001 Projections is 11,50,652. Out of which 5,93,448 are male and 5,57,204 are female.


Climate

Baramulla district has severe cold climate in winter and a pleasant weather in summer. Each part of the district experiences snowfall during winter. Road to Gurez remains closed during winter due to snowfall. Snowfall in Gulmarg is known for winter sports. Average annual rainfall in District Baramulla has been recorded as 1270 mm. The district is worth visiting in the winters for enjoying the Snowfall and for winter sports, and also in the summers for enjoying the pleasant climate.

Culture

Baramulla is no different from other parts of Kashmir Valley. The food habits, dress pattern, customs and traditions are the same as followed in other parts of the valley. Kashmiri is the main language of the people in the District, Pahari and Gojari are also spoken in Uri and areas near foothills of Gulmarg and Bandipora. Sheena (Dard) is the local language in Gurez and Tulail areas. The people also speak Urdu.

Approach

District Headquarter Baramulla is located about 60 Kms. from Srinagar. There is a National Highway (NH-1A) connecting the district to the rest of the country. The general approach to the whole of the District is through road transport i.e. Taxi and Buses. Taxi and busses are available from Srinagar and Jammu. The nearest Airport is that of Srinagar about 65 Kms from District Headquarters. The nearest Railway Station is Jammu Tawi, about 360 Kms from District Headquarters. A new railway line is under construction which will connect Baramulla to Jammu Tawi through Budgam, Srinagar, Pulwama, Anantnag, Doda and Udhampur.

Specialty

Gulmarg, Tangmarg and Khilanmarg, being full with natural endowments, scenic splendor, places of tourist interest round the year, snow claded mountain peaks and challenging tracks; allure the tourists, adventurers and trekkers not only from India but also from abroad. Winter sports in Gulmarg attract sports persons from all over the world.
  • Baramulla is the largest producer of Horticulture products in the state. There are vast apple orchids in District. World-class apples are grown here.
  • Baramulla has a Rabbit Farm in Palhallan, Pattan. There are only two rabbit farms in Northern India. The another one is in Himachal Pradesh.
Introduction of Angoora Rabbit Farm Wussan Pattan KashmirThe Angoora Rabbit Farm Wussan was established in year 1979 and is spread over 115 Kanals of irrigated land. Angoora farm Wussan is located at distance of 30 Kms to west of Srinagar. Agro climatic condition of area is conducive for rabbit rearing on commercial lines. Since its inception the performance of farm is encouraging for achieving more production. The farm has rabbit breeds Newzealand white, Californian, soveit chinchilla and grey giants producing meat and fur and wool producing breeds are German Angoora and French Angoora.

Rabbit Rearing

Rabbits are best known for being prolific and are herbivorous which efficiently convert fodder to food. The whole point of meat production is to convert plant protein of little, or no use to people as food into high value animal proteins. Rabbit meat production is therefore an attractive proposition especially when aim is to produce quality meat proteins. The Rabbits biological characteristics are, short life cycle, its prolificacy and food conversion capacity, which make it immediately after chickens and Turkeys, the best animal protein machine.

Finally rabbits are especially well adopted to backyard rearing system in which Capital and fodder resources are usually limiting factors in animal production. When rabbits are reared according to technique appropriate to environment they can do much to improve the family diet to rural and urban families, at same time supplying them with a source of income. With more advanced technology rabbit production can also help supply to big city meat markets. Rabbit meat can be prepared in great variety of ways. Nutritionally speaking it is one of the very best meats.

To sum up this all rabbits can be reared with intentions as:
(a) Recreation purposes.
(b) Ornamental purposes.
(c) Meat, fur and Wool purposes.
(d) Genetic studies.
(e) Drug trials.

Baramulla has a good Silk Worm breeding unit in Mir Gund, Pattan.
There are three powerhouses in the district. These are: Lower Jehlum Hydel Project at Gantamulla, Mohra Power House and Asthan Nallah.
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